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高一 Unit 3 Going Places
发表时间:2008-9-27 22:24:04 来源:荣县中学 编辑:张玉
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【高一英语教案】

高一 Unit 3   Going  Places

                                                  张玉

       一、Teaching aims and demands

1.Topics

       make a plan for a trip                        tips on a trip

       design an eco-travel for local tourism

       travel on holiday and write postcards or travel notes

2.Function:

       intensions and plans

       Where would you prefer going…?     Where are you going off to…?

       How would you like to go to…?       How are you going to…?

       wishes

       Have a good/nice/pleasant trip!

3.Vocabulary

       consider; means; transportation; board; experience;s imply; vacation; nature; basic; equipment; simple; tip; poisonous; paddle; stream; normal; excitement; adventurous; handle; similarity; particular; poison; separate; combine; task

       get away from; watch out; protect ab/sth from; see sb off; on the other hand; as well as

4.Grammar:present continuous tense

       describe actions happening now

       describe actions in the near future

 

二、Teaching procedures:

      

       The First Period    vocabulary

1. consider

   (1)“考虑,细想”,后面可接名词,从句,连接词或代词引起的不定式短语,动词的-ing形式,不能直接接动词不定式作宾语。

            e.g. You had better consider the plan.

           They have to consider what they should do next.

          Have you considered what to do next?

           You should consider how to get there.

            Li Hua considered visiting the Great Wall.

          (2)“认为”,后面可接不定式作宾语补足语。句型为:consider sb. to do sth.

            e.g. I consider him to be a clever boy.

             I consider it my duty to tell the truth.

          (3)“认为”,通常与as构成consider...as... 短语“把……看作或认为……”。

            e.g. He considered me as his best friend.

      You can\'t consider him as an honest man.

            [注意]consider sb. to be...consider sb. as...中的to beas可以省去。

            e.g. I consider him an honest man.

 [注意]consider不能用于进行时态。比如:我们不能说\" He is considering... \",而应该说:\"He

            considers... \"

2. means  (1)通常用作可数名词,单数复数形式相同,意思是“方法、手段、工具”。

            e.g. There are (is)no means of getting there.

            A train is a means of transportation.

            (2)by means of意思是“用,依靠”。

            e.g. The poor old man made a living by means of begging.

  3. transportation 用作可数名词,意思是“运输工具”,作不可数名词,意思是“运输、输送、客运、货运”

4board n.  木板,板 ;牌子,布告牌,黑板,() ;膳食,伙食[U]

            vt.(船、车、飞机等)  vi. 搭伙,包饭;膳宿

       We will provide room and board for them.

       The passengers boarded the plane at 9 a.m.

       She boarded with a Japanese family.

5destination目的地,终点;目标,目的

       We reached our destination, tired and hungry.

       The destination of her study is medicine.

 6. experience体验

 1experience用作可数名词,意为经历;经过的事。如:

Please tell us your experiences in America.

 I had an unusual experience yesterday.

 2experience用作不可数名词,意为经验。如:

She has twenty years' experience in teaching,

He has not enough experience for the position.

 3experience用作及物动词,意为体验:经历如:

Have you ever experienced real hunger?

Our country has experienced great hardships, in 2003.

 4experienced用作形容同,意为有经验的。如:He is an experienced doctor.

7nature  (1)用作名词,意思是“自然、自然界”,“本性”,作“自然、自然界”讲时,通常用作不可数名词,作“本性”讲时,既可用作可数名词,也可用作不可数名词。

 egThe chemists study The nature of gases

       We should protect nature from being polluted

          (2)常见短语

            in nature自然界,性质上,实际上,究竟。

            by nature天生地,天性地。

            egWhat in nature do you mean?

             He is proud by nature

8.tip n. 忠告;顶端;小费;

       He gave me some tips on how to make friends.

       I gave her some tips on how to learn English well.

        He burnt the tips of his fingers.

       In western countries it is good manners to give the waiters some tips.

9.handle vt. 触,摸,拿,弄,搬动 ; 操作,操纵,指挥,管理 ; 对待,处理 ; 经营,经销

       Do not handle the exhibits.

       He knows how to handle the machine.

       I didn't know how to handle these people.

       She asked me to handle the business for her.

10poison  (1)用作名词,意思是“毒、毒物、毒药”。

            egDon\'t pour the poison into the river

             (2)用作动词,意思是“毒杀,毒害”。

            egThe farmer used poison to poison the mice

             (3)poison的形容词是poisonous,意思是“有毒的”,“有害的”。

            egNot all snakes are poisonous

11.eco-trave  echo-前缀表示与生态有关。如; ecology生态学; ecological生态的; echo-system生态系统; echo-tourism生态旅游。

12.responsibily ad. 负责地,有责任感地

            responsible a. 负责任的,承担责任的(+for/to) ;认真负责的;可信赖的

       Politicians are responsible to the voters.

       We should learn to be responsible for the society.

       We should give the job to a responsible person.

13.combine 与……结合;与……合并;

       They combined their efforts to finish that hard task.

        We should combine our learning with pleasure.

       Is it possible to combine our two schools?

      

The Second Period  Warming up and Speaking

Step . Greetings

Step . Lead-in

Step .  New lessons

       ㈠ Warming up

       ㈡ Speaking

Step. Language  points

       ㈠ Warming up

. What do you have to consider before you decide which means of transportation you will use?

       meansn. 手段,方法;工具(单复数相同)

        by means of 依靠,利用;by no means 决不;by all means 当然,必定

       It is all a means to an end.这只是达到目的的一种手段。

       Every possible means has been tried,but none proved successful.

         所有可能的方法都已经试过了,没有成功的.

       例题:The quickest______of travel_____by air.

      A.mean; is   B.means; is(√)   C.mean; are   D.neans; are

       ㈡ Speaking

1. Imagine that you have a machine that lets you travel in time. With this time machine you could travel to the past or the future. You could visit any year you wish.swhereswould you go and why?

       the past意为“过去”,此处past是名词。

       I prefer travelling in the past.我更喜欢在过去(的时光里)旅行。

2.YOUHi Andy, which year would you like to go to?

       would like to do“愿意干某事”;would like sb. to do意为“愿意让某人干某事”。

          I would like to listen to music in the afternoon.下午我喜欢听音乐。

          I would like you to go traveling instead of me.我想让你替我去旅行。

 3. ANDYBecause I want to see what China would be like in the future.

    句中宾语从句的引导词what不能换为how。因为宾语从句中介词like缺少宾语,how在从句中只能作状语或表语。如用how来引导宾语从句,可改为:…how China will be in the future,这时how在从句中作表语。

Step. Homework

The Third Period   Listening (Do it in the evening)

The Fourth Period   Reading

Step . Greetings and Revision

Step . Pre-reading

Step. Fast Reading

       Why do people go traveling?

          They want to see other countries and visit places that are famous, interesting or beautiful. people also travel to meet new friends, to try new kinds of food, to experience life in other part of the world or simply to get away from cold weather.

       Why is adventure travel becoming more and more popular?

          Many travelers are looking for an unusual experience.

Step. Reading

1Ex 1 on p18        2Ex 2 on p18

Step. Language points

       1. People also travel to meet new friends, to try new kinds of food, to experience life in other parts of the world or simply to get away from cold weather.

get away from侥幸逃脱,逃离,走开,离开。不用于进行时态。

       Do you think you can get away with it?

       How did she get away with cheating?

       I'm too busy to get away from work at the moment.

       I can't get away from the meeting.

       Please tell us how you got away from the enemy's prison.

       You can't get away from the fact.

2. Yet there are other reasons why people travel. Many of today's travellers are looking for an unusual experience and adventure travel is becoming more and more popular. Here is a quick look at two popular activities: hiking and rafting.  

3. Instead of spending your vacation on a bus, in a hotel or sitting on the beach, you may want to try hiking.(你有可能去徒步旅行而不在公共汽车上、旅馆里或坐在海边沙滩上。)

       instead of是短语介词,后接名词、代词、动词-ing或介词短语(注意of后面的介词不能省略),而instead是副词,单独使用。

       I didn't have a pen, so I used a pencil instead.我没有钢笔,因此我就用铅笔了。

       If you cannot go, he'll go instead of you.如果你不能去,他愿替你去。

       We'll go camping by bicycle instead of on foot.我们骑自行车而不是步行去野营。

       注意:有时这两个短语可进行转换,意思基本不变。

       She didn't go to school. Instead, she went to the movie. (=She went to the movie instead of going to school.) 她没去上学,而是去看电影了。

       He is too busy, let me go instead.他太忙了,让我去吧。

       Instead of disturbing her, the news had a strangely calming effect.

          这消息非但没有令她不安,反而产生了一种奇怪的镇定效果。

       He didn't give John the money, but he gave it to me instead.

          他没把钱给约翰,却给了我。

       The old woman goes to the park on Sundays instead of staying at home.

         这位老太太星期天去公园而不是呆在家里。

       He went there on foot instead of by bus. 他是步行而不是坐车去那儿的。

       The boy went to the cinema instead of going to school that day.

          那天这个男孩子没去上学相反他去了电影院。

       try hiking→ try doing sth. 尝试做某事; try to sth. 试图做……;

       Let's try knocking at the back door.咱们敲后边的门试试。

       We'll try to improve our teaching methods.我们要设法改进教学方法。

        He tried cleaning the spots with petrol. 他试着用汽油擦洗那些污点。

       This morning I tried speaking English with our foreign teacher Dianna.

          今天上午我试着与我们的外教老师黛安娜说了一会儿英语。

       I tried to persuade him to give up smoking, but he wouldn't listen.

         我试图说服他戒烟,但他就是不听。

3. Hiking is a great way to travel. You will get close to nature and take exercise at the same time.

       close a. 近的,接近的(+to) (关系)密切的,亲密的 (尤指比赛)势均力敌的

          ad. 接近,靠近地(+to) ;紧密地,紧紧地

       His house is close to the factory.他家靠近该厂。

       She is a close friend of theirs.她是他们的挚友。

       They are close in age.他们年龄相仿。

       That's a close baseball game.那是一场势均力敌的棒球赛。

       They live close to the museum. 他们住在靠近博物馆的地方。

       Anna followed close behind.安娜紧随在后。

       get close to ,该短语中的get也可以换成其他的一些动词如be /come/live/stay 等。

       The fire was so big that the firefighters couldn't get close to the building.

          She came close to him and whispered something into his ear.

            Wu Peng lives close to the railway station. 吴鹏的家紧挨着火车站。

       take / get exercise 做运动;do exercises 做练习;exercise 运动; (不可数) exercises 练习; (可数)

       He is doing an exercise in English grammar.

        We do morning exercise every day. 我们每天做早操。

4. The basic equipment you need for hiking is simple: good shoes, clothes, and a backpack.   

equipment n.[U] 配备,装备 ;设备,器械,用具

       The complete equipment of the new hospital will take a year.

       The store sells tents and other camping equipment.

5   ·Watch out for dangers, such as spiders, snakes, or poisonous plants.

      watch out 当心;留神;注意;密切注意(+for)

       Watch out ! The man has a knife. 当心!那个人有刀子。

       Watch out for dangerous animals such as tigers and wolves while traveling in this forest.

        Watch out for that middle-aged man in a black hat. 注意那个戴黑帽子的中年人。

       The staff were asked to watch out for forged banknotes. 要求职员们留意假钞。

6·Wear a hat to protect yourself from the sun.戴上太阳帽以遮挡阳光。

       protect from / against

       He is wearing sunglasses to protect his eyes from the strong sunlight.

       She wore a fur coat to protect her from the cold. 她穿着皮大衣来御寒。

       We must be protected against surprise attacks. 我们必须做好准备,免遭突然袭击。

       Take an umbrella to protect yourself from the rain. 带把雨伞以防雨淋。

       May God protect you from harm.愿上帝保佑你免受伤害。

       Wearing dark glasses can protect your eyes from the sun.

7·Bring a cellphone if you have one.如果你有手机就带上它。

oneit用作代词,都可代替前面提到的名词。但it指的就是前面说的那个东西,而one则指前面谈到的东西或事物中的一个。

     egMy pen is missingI can\'t find itI want to buy one

     句中的it指的是my pen,而one则不指前面的my pen,而是钢笔中的一支

8. Another exciting adventure is rafting.(另一种令人兴奋的旅行是划木筏。)

       exciting 令人兴奋的;令人激动的

       We went to an exciting football game last week.我们上周看了场激动人心的足球比赛。

       That is an exciting book.那是本有趣的书。

       excite vt./excited a./excitedly adv./excitement n.

       adventure n.冒险[U] ;冒险活动(或经历)[C]

             vt. 冒险去做,使冒险  vi. 冒险(+to-v)

       He is a man full of adventure.他是一个充满冒险精神的人。

       They set out on a daring space adventure.他们着手进行一项大胆的太空探险。

       No man would adventure it.无人会冒这个险。

9. If you want a normal rafting trip, choose a quiet stream or river that is wide and has few fallen trees or rocks.

  ★fallen是过去分词,在句中作定语,修饰treesfallen意为"已倒下的",不能用falling代替,因为falling是现在分词,意为"正在倒下的",尽管可作定语修饰trees, 但含义完全不同。 fallen trees 倒下的树木;过去分词做定语:单个的过去分词做定语,放在所修饰的名词前;过去分词短语做定语,放在所修饰的名词后。

       a polluted river 污染的河流;       spoken English 英语口语;

       boiled eggs 煮鸡蛋;              boiled water开水;

       a escaped prisoner 逃犯;           a book written by Lu Xun 一本鲁迅写的书;

       a TV set made in Shanghai 上海产的电视机;

       buildings damaged in the earthquake 地震中毁坏的楼房。

10As with hiking, you should always think about your safety and wear good clothes.

       as with 正如...一样 

as it’s the same with

e.g. As with drawing a picture, you should be patient and careful in doing this job.

As with what I saidhe failed again 正如我所说的,他又一次失败了。

11. You also need to learn the basic skills of rafting, such as how to handle the raft, how to paddle and how to get in and out of the raft. You should not go rafting unless you know how to swim, and you should always wear a life jacket.

       unless 除非;如果不;

       I won't go to the party unless I am invited. 除非被邀请,我是不会去参加那个聚会的。

       I will be back this evening unless it rains. 如果今晚不下雨,我就回来。

Unless you run your way there you will be late for class.  如果你不跑步前进,你上课会迟到

Step. Post Reading and Practise

The Fifth Period   Grammar

Step . Greetings

Step . Revision

Step. Grammar

       现在进行时表示现在和将来的用法

  1.现在进行时表现在:

  现在进行时的基本用法是表示现在正在进行的动作,可与now, at present, at this moment, these days等时间状语连用,也可不用时间状语。

  The telephone is ringing, would you answer it, please?

  有时现在进行时所表示的动作并不一定在说话人的说话时刻进行,而是在包括说时刻在内的一段时间当中进行。

  George is translating a book now.乔治正在翻译一本书。

  We're trying to plan our future.我们试图安排我们的未来。

  2.现在进行时表将来:

  现在进行时除表示“现在”外,还可以表“将来”。现在进行时表将来时常有“意图”,“安排”或“打算”的含义。这种现在进行时比较生动,给人一种期待感,它常表示最近或较近的将来,所用动词多是转移动词。

  I'm going.我要走了。        He's coming.他就来。

  I'm leaving tomorrow.我明天要走了。

  When are you starting?你什么时候动身?

  现在进行时表将来除用于转移动词外,亦可用于某些非转移动词。

  I'm meeting you after class.课后我找你。

  What are you doing next Sunday?下星期天你打算干什么?

  I'm reading a paper tomorrow.我明天要读一篇论文。

         We are having  a few guests tonight.今晚我们有几个客人来。

       现在进行时考查热点及应对方法

        现在进行时是时态的重要内容,通过初中的学习,我们知道它一般表示此时此刻正在进行的动作,然而对现在进行时的掌握还要把握以下几个要点:

  一、考查现在进行时表目前这段时间正在进行的动作

  考点说明:现在进行时可表目前这段时间正在进行,但此时此刻不在进行的动作。

1. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology _______ so rapidly.

  A. is changing   B. has changed   C. will have changed   D. will change

  析:答案为A。认真分析语境可知,该句虽不强调科技此时此刻正在发展,但却强调现阶段正高速发展,因此应使用现在进行时。

2. Rainforests _______ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future.

  A. cut          B. are cut       C. are being cut       D. had been cut

  析:答案为C。热带雨林之所以要消失,是因为现阶段正在被快速砍伐和烧毁,尽管此时此刻不一定有人在这样做,因此应用现在进行时的被动语态。

  方法揭秘:认真分析语境,体会出动作此刻不在进行,但目前这段时间正在进行。

  二、考查现在进行时表一贯性动作的用法

  考点说明:现在进行时与always, constantly等副词连用时,可表反复性、一贯性动作,常用来表示赞扬或厌恶的感情色彩。

3. He_______ of how he can do more for the people.

  A. had always thought             B. is always thinking

  C. has always been thought         D. thinking always

  析:答案为B。由语境逻辑及always含义可知,该句表示他总是在考虑如何为人们多做点事,这是一个一贯性、反复性动作,带有强烈的赞扬色彩,因此应用现在进行时。

  方法揭秘:寻找always, constantly等频度副词;认真分析语境是否表示一贯性动作;分析讲话者是否对该动作含有赞扬或厌恶的感情色彩。

  三、考查现在进行时表即将发生动作的用法

  考点说明:comegoleavearrivestartflydrive等严格按照时间表发生的表"起、止"的动词可用现在进行时代替一般将来时。

4. I want to know when he _______ for New York tomorrow.

  A. has left       B. is leaving         C. had left          D. has been leaving

  析:答案为B。分析语境逻辑可知,该空表将来动作,因为leave"出发",可用现在进行时代替一般将来时。

  方法揭秘:分析语境是否表将来动作,动词是否表起止。

5. The building_______ , I can't stand its noise.

  A. builds        B. is built          C. is being built      D. was being built

6. I can't catch up with the fashion, because the clothes style_______ all the time.

  A. changed      B. is changed       C. is changing       D. has changed

7. It's seven. The Greens_______ breakfast together.

  A. has          B. are having       C. have had         D. had had

8.. Don't make any noise while the students_______ to the tape.

  A. are listening    B. listened        C. have listened      D. had listened

9. Tom and Peter_______ in the lake. Let's join them, shall we?

  A. swim         B. have swum       C. swam          D. are swimming

10. Look! The children_______ football on the playground.

  A. plays         B. played          C. is playing         D. are playing

11. The kite_______ high in the sky now. It looks like a bird.

  A. has flown     B. is flying         C. was flying        D. flew

12. As we all know, the world's population_______ faster and faster.

  A. is grown      B. is growing       C. are grown        D. are growing

13. To my surprise, he_______ in class.

  A. is always speaking              B. would always speak

  C. has always been speaking         D. does speak always

14. Can you tell me when the plane_______ to America tomorrow?

  A. would fly      B. has flown       C. had flown       D. is flying

Key1-5 CCBAD  6-10 DBBAD

Step. Languages points

1. Jane and Betty are going on separate holidays in a few days' time.

        separate adj.意为“各自的,各个的,独立的”。

  The word has two separate meanings.那个单词有两种不同的意思。

  Our children want separate rooms.孩子们想拥有单独的房间。

  ☆separate还可作动词,有句型separate + n. + (from),“从…断离,使…分离”。

  The electrician separated the broken wire from the others.

  ★in a few days 'time“几天之后”,相当于in a few daysin +一段时间表示“过(若干时间),在…以后”。

       He'll be back in a week's time.他一星期以后回来。

       inafter后接时间段都表示"在……之后",in指从现在起一段时间之后,常与一般将来时连用;after指从过去起一段时间之后,常与一般过去时连用。另外,after后接时间点时,适用时态较灵活。

       I'll come and see you again in five months. 过五个月我再来看你。

       He left the company and after two years he joined the army.

2. JANEHow are you getting to the airport? Is anybody seeing you off ?

      see sb. off意为“为某人送行”。

  Many of his friends saw him off at the railway station.

       The Sixth Period   INTEGRATING SKILLS

Step . Greetings

Step .  Revision

Step. Reading and talking

       two questions    Ex on p20

Step. Writing

Step. Language points 

  1. Instead of simply traveling for pleasure, you can use your trip as a way to protect the environment. Normal tourism is often bad for the environment, and tourists often cause problems. Eco-travel, on the other hand, is a way to travel responsibly.

       be bad for...有害

       Reading in a dim light is bad for the eyes.在暗淡的光线下看书有损视力。

       on the other hand意为“另一面,反过来说”。

  He is an able man, but on the other hand he demands too much of people.

2. Eco-tourists want to learn about the world so that they can make it better, or at least understand it better.

       so that意为“为了……,以便……”引导的是目的状语从句,(that从句通常用can, could, may, might)

  He speaks in a loud voice so that everybody can hear him.

       I got up very early this morning so that I could get there ahead of time.

        例题①I hurried_______I wouldn't be late for class.

            A.since       B.so that(√)      C.as if     D.unless

        They held a meeting_______they could hear everyone's ideas.

               A.even if       B.until      C.while      D.so that(√)

       at least意为“至少”。反义词:at most至多

         It will cost at least five dollars.那至少要5美元。 

4. Eco-travel is a way to find out what can be done to help animals and plants as well as people.

       as well as在这里不是同级比较结构,而是一个习惯短语,意为"也;还;而且"。通常用来连接两个前后平行的词或短语。

       His mother, as well as his father, is hardworking. 他的妈妈和爸爸一样勤劳。

       The child is lively as well as healthy. 这孩子既健康又活泼。

       We learn English in class as well as out of class. 我们在课内外都学习英语。

       注意:当as well as连接两个主语时,谓语动词必须与第一个主语一致。

       E-mail, as well as telephones, plays an important part in our daily communication.

         另外,as well as还可表示" ……之外",相当于besides

       Hiking is good exercise as well as fun.徒步旅行除了有趣以外,还是良好的运动。

       The old like to watch football matches as well as the young.

         She cooks as well as her mother does.她烧菜烧得跟她母亲一样好。

       The teacher as well as the students likes playing football.老师和学生都喜欢踢足球。

       例题 John plays football________,if not better than, David.

          A.as well    B.as well as(√)      C.so well       D.so well as

       E-mail,as well as telephones,_______an important part in daily communication.

               A.is playing(√)    B.have played    C.are playing    D.play

5. By staying at hotels…,tourists can help the villagers make money.

       by doing通过做什么

       He used to make a living by selling newspapers.他以前靠卖报纸为生.

 


附件下载高一 Unit 3 Going P


来源:荣县中学  编辑:张玉
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