高三Unit 3 The land down under
Period 2 and 3 Reading
1.The Australian flag shows .A.the UK flag and seven
starsB.the USA flag and a large star with seven
pointsC.the UK flag and six large stars with seven
pointsD.the UK flag,a large star and a group of small
2.Who were the first people to arrive in Australia？
A.Spanish,Portuguese and Dutch.B.Prisoners and criminals
C.Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.D.Asian
3.In 1770,Captain James Cook claimed the east coast of
the continent for the Crown.
A.British B.SpanishC.Portuguese D.American
4.After the second world war,Australia began to .
A.form the commonwealthB.transform itself into the
modern country as it is today
C.change its attitude towards immigrationD.suffer from
the Depression of the 1930s
5.The weather in Australia encourages .
A.indoor activities B.outdoor activities C.competition
6.Paragraph 1 of the text“Australia”mainly deals with .
A.climate B.geography C.history D.animals
7.The last paragraph of the text “Australia” mainly
talks about Australia’s .
A.climateB.people’s lifeC.outdoor activitiesD.climate
and people’s life
8.What does the word“claim”mean in Paragraph 3 of“A
nation of prisoners?”
A.need B.demand C.believe D.buy
9.What sport is impossible in Australia?
A.Skiing. B.Swimming.C.Tennis. D.Basketball.
10.From the text“Australia”we can infer that Australia
is famous for its .
A.industrial products B.educational products
C.agricultural productsD.recreational products
2 、MAIN IDEA
How many parts can the passage be divided into?
What’s the main idea of each paragraph?
3、A quiz about Australia:
Decide the following statements “ T ” or “F” after
listening to the recorder(5\8)
1.The capital of Astralia is Sydney, which is perhaps
Australia’s most famous city.
2.The Australian flag shows the UK flag and seven stars.
Six of the stars represent the states and the large star
stands for all the territories.
3、 The first Australians were the European explorers.
4.In 1770,captain James Cook claimed the west of the
continent for the British Crown.
5.Australia Day is on January 26.
6.The Constitution stated that all men in the
Commonwealth of Australia enjoyed the same rights.
7.After the First World War, Australia began to
transform itself into a modern country.
8.“G’day mate” means “good day friend” .
4、 Match the following by scanning the text:
In 1770 The Commonwealth of Australia was formed.
Over the next 80 years Captain James Cook claimed the
east coastof the continent for the BritishCrown.
In 1901 The first people came to the continent.In the
1930s About 160,000 prisoners were sent to Australia.
5000 years ago The country suffered from the Great
Depression. 5、Table 2
Symbolic meaning of the flag Six of the points … and the
other stars on the flag represent …
People first to arrive European explorers
Prisoners first to arrive English prisoners
Reasons for prisoners’ being sent to Australia
Aborigines’ suffering on European arrival When England
couldn’t send prisoners to
North America ,Australia was chosen as a new place
They were moved and had their land taken
away from them.
Problems with Constitution
Aborigines and other non-Europeans didn’t
enjoy the same rights.
Changes after the war
Australia transformed itself into the modern
country as it is today.
Difference in languages
In pronunciation and some of the vocabulary.
How large is Australia?
What’s the capital of Australia?
What does the Australian flag look like?
history When was Australian founded?
Who lives in Australia?
language How is Australian English different fromBritish
and American English?
7、Answer the following questions.
1) What do the symbols on the Australian flag represent?
Six of the points represent the original states (Western
Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales,
Victoria, Tasmania) and the seventh stands for all the
territories. The other stars on the flag represent the
2) Who were the first people to arrive in Australia?
The Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.
3) Why were prisoners sent to Australia after 1788?
Where were they from?
The American War of Independence made it possible for
England to send prisoners to North America. They were
4) What happened to the original Australians when the
European newcomers arrived?
The newcomers changed the way land was managed and
introduced new plants and animals that were harmful to
the Australian ecosystems. As a consequence, the
original Australians suffered.
5) What was the problem with Australia's Constitution?
The Constitution governing six states stated that men
were free and equal, explained their base civil rights
and described the new government.
6) How did the two World Wars change Australia?
After the First World War, the country experienced
social and economic unrest and suffered from the
Depression of the 1930s. After the Second World War,
Australia began to transform itself into the modern
country as it is today.
7) How does Australian English differ from British
Australian English differs from British English in
pronunciation and some of the vocabulary.
1. Modern Australia is made up of six states and two
e.g. The solar system is made up of a star and nine
make up 和解,和好;虚构,编造;化妆;补偿,弥补;凑钱
e.g. It is very hard to make up the quarrel between the
Don’t make up any excuse to cheat me.
I find no time to make myself up every day.
Hard work can make up for a lack of intelligence.
Have you made up the money for your class?
2. Australia is surrounded by many oceans.
e.g. The house was surrounded by high walls.
3. claim vt（根据权利）要求，认领，索赔; 自称；主张
e.g. Did you claim on the insurance after your car
e.g. She claims that she is related to the Queen.
e.g. She claims to be related to the Queen.
4. as a consequence 结果，后果
as a consequence= in consequence/as a result
e.g. After graduation, he became quite lazy. As a
consequence, he lost what he owned.
in consequence of =as a result of/because of/due
In consequence of his rudeness, he was fired by his boss
e.g. As a consequence, she lost everything she
5. have an influence on/upon 对…有影响
have an influence on/upon=have an effect on/upon
influence sb./sth. affect sb./sth.
I don’t think this kind of system will have a great
influence on our school.
e.g. SARS has a strong influence on human
6. transform vt. 转换, 改变, 改造, 使...变形 [(+into)]
e.g. The Greens have transformed their garage into a
7. resemble vt. 相似, 像,类似 [(+in)]
e.g. He strongly resembles his father in appearance
8. differ vi. 不同；不像；相异[(+from)] =be different from
①不同,相异 A differ from B in…
e.g. We differ from each other in tastes.
We differ from/with him on that problem.
e.g. She differs from me in many ways.
9.make it + n./adj.+ (for sb.) + to do sth. / that
e.g. She made it clear that she objected to the
10.represent 代表,象征; 表现; 描绘,塑造; 声称
e.g. The moon represents my heart.
I’d like to thank you representing my whole family.
=I’d like to thank you on behalf of my whole family.
He represented himself as a wealthy man, but in fact he
was as poor as a church mouse.
representation n.representative adj.
11.stand for 象征,代表; 支持;
e.g. What does WTO stand for?
It stand for World Trade Organization.
Before we elect him, we want to know what he stands for.
1、Read the passage quickly and find out which subjects
are mentioned in it.
They are geography, climate, sports, animals,
population, agriculture and natural
resources.2、Fast-Reqding: fill in the table
Information about Australia
Animals：__ kangaroo, koala bear, parrot, snake, digo,
sheep, cattle _
Distance 3220 km from north to south 3860 km from east
Size:_ the same as the USA( without Alaska__
Population:_ 18 million__
Agriculture:_ wheat, fruit, vegetables, meat, wines_
Natural resources:___ metals, precious stones, coal,
Climate:_ cool and wet winters, warm and dry summers in
the south; warm and dry winters, hot and wet summers in
the north dry or desert in two thirds of the country
Sports:_____ tennis, sailing, swimming
3、Write down the main idea according to each paragraph:
4、T or F:
1.It was likely that South America was once connected to
2.In area Australia is more or less the same as the USA.
3.Australia has about one third of the world’s sheep and
produce almost one – sixth of its wool.
4.Australia built a long fence to keep dingoes from
attacking their sheep.
5.If you are invited to an Australian home, you will
probably have a barbecue and roast a steak of fish at
5. Careful-reading: Choose the best answer.1. Australia
has many plants and animals thatcan’t be found anywhere
else in the worldbecause _________.(para. 1)
A. it is as old as time.
B. it was once connected to South America.
C. it has been separated from othercontinents for so
D. these plants and animals can’t liveanywhere else.
2. Kangaroos and koala bears give birth to very small
and weak young. The underlined is similar to _______ in
meaning. (para. 1)
A. bring up B. raise C. produce D. feed on3.One species
of the snakes _______ dangerous.(para.1)
A. is B. are C. were D. are to be
4. In area it is approximately the same size as the USA
(without Alaska), which, however, has more than fourteen
times as many people. Here “which” refers to_________.
A. Australia B. USA C. Alaska D. USA without Alaska
5. From paragraph 3, we learn that________.
A. Australia is wealthier than any other country.
B. one-sixth of the sheep can produce one-third of the
C. Australia produces the most wool in the world.
D. Australia has more sheep than the US does.
6. Which of the following is NOT true?
A. A long fence extends hundreds of kilometers across
B. People usually use motorbikes or helicopters to round
up sheep or cattle because farms in Australia are so
C. Dingoes like to attack sheep at night.
D. People built a fence to keep out wild dogs.
round sb/sth up phrasal verb
(to find and bring together a group of people or
The police are rounding up the usual suspects.
The sheepdog rounded up the sheep and drove them through
keep out (of)
(to not go into a place, or to stop someone or something
from going into a place)
He locked the room and put up a sign asking people to
They have shut the door and mean to keep us out.
(keep away from/ keep off/keep back/keep up/
keep…from/keep up with……etc.)
7.The climate is different depending on the area.
Here “depending on” can be replaced by_____.
A. with B. by C. from D. as with表示”随着”是介词; 而as
With the days passing on, it’s getting colder.
As the days pass on, it’s getting colder.
8. In the text the writer implies but not states
A. Australia is the only country in the world that
covers an entire continent.
B. Australia is a wealthy country with lots of natural
C. People in Australia like outdoor sports.
D. Australia is a powerful country of sports in many
Water is the "life blood" of our the earth. It
is in every living things. It is in the air. It runs
through mountains and valleys. It forms lakes and
oceans. Water is everywhere. Nature have a great
water system. Rainwater finds it's way to streams
and rivers. Rivers leads to the ocean. At the mouths
of the rivers fresh water joins to the salt water of 7
the ocean. Here at the mouth of river there is much
important plant and animal life. But pollute destroys
this life. We had to clean our streams and rivers. Man
has to work with nature---not against it.