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高三Unit 3 The land down under
发表时间:2008-9-28 16:45:57 来源:荣县中学 编辑:张玉
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                                                         高三Unit 3 The land down under
                       

Period 2 and 3 Reading
                        Careful reading
                        Reading Comprehension
                        1、●语篇领悟
                        §1.1细枝末节
                        1.The Australian flag shows .A.the UK flag and seven
                        starsB.the USA flag and a large star with seven
                        pointsC.the UK flag and six large stars with seven
                        pointsD.the UK flag,a large star and a group of small
                        stars
                        2.Who were the first people to arrive in Australia?
                        A.Spanish,Portuguese and Dutch.B.Prisoners and criminals
                        from England.
                        C.Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.D.Asian
                        explorers.
                        3.In 1770,Captain James Cook claimed the east coast of
                        the continent for the Crown.
                        A.British B.SpanishC.Portuguese D.American
                        4.After the second world war,Australia began to .
                        A.form the commonwealthB.transform itself into the
                        modern country as it is today
                        C.change its attitude towards immigrationD.suffer from
                        the Depression of the 1930s
                        5.The weather in Australia encourages .
                        A.indoor activities B.outdoor activities C.competition
                        D.entertainment
                        §1.2 主旨大意
                        6.Paragraph 1 of the text“Australia”mainly deals with .
                        A.climate B.geography C.history D.animals
                        7.The last paragraph of the text “Australia” mainly
                        talks about Australia’s .
                        A.climateB.people’s lifeC.outdoor activitiesD.climate
                        and people’s life
                        §1.3 推理判断
                        8.What does the word“claim”mean in Paragraph 3 of“A
                        nation of prisoners?”
                        A.need B.demand C.believe D.buy
                        9.What sport is impossible in Australia?
                        A.Skiing. B.Swimming.C.Tennis. D.Basketball.
                        10.From the text“Australia”we can infer that Australia
                        is famous for its .
                        A.industrial products B.educational products
                        C.agricultural productsD.recreational products
                        2 、MAIN IDEA
                        How many parts can the passage be divided into?
                        What’s the main idea of each paragraph?
                        Para1:
                        Para2:
                        Para3:
                        Para4:
                        Para5:
                        3、A quiz about Australia:
                        Decide the following statements “ T ” or “F” after
                        listening to the recorder(5\8)
                        1.The capital of Astralia is Sydney, which is perhaps
                        Australia’s most famous city.
                        2.The Australian flag shows the UK flag and seven stars.
                        Six of the stars represent the states and the large star
                        stands for all the territories.
                        3、 The first Australians were the European explorers.
                        4.In 1770,captain James Cook claimed the west of the
                        continent for the British Crown.
                        5.Australia Day is on January 26.
                        6.The Constitution stated that all men in the
                        Commonwealth of Australia enjoyed the same rights.
                        7.After the First World War, Australia began to
                        transform itself into a modern country.
                        8.“G’day mate” means “good day friend” .
                        4、 Match the following by scanning the text:
                        Table 1
                        In 1770 The Commonwealth of Australia was formed.
                        Over the next 80 years Captain James Cook claimed the
                        east coastof the continent for the BritishCrown.
                        In 1901 The first people came to the continent.In the
                        1930s About 160,000 prisoners were sent to Australia.
                        5000 years ago The country suffered from the Great
                        Depression. 5、Table 2
                        Symbolic meaning of the flag Six of the points … and the
                        seventh ….The
                        other stars on the flag represent …
                        People first to arrive European explorers
                        Prisoners first to arrive English prisoners
                        Reasons for prisoners’ being sent to Australia
                        Aborigines’ suffering on European arrival When England
                        couldn’t send prisoners to
                        North America ,Australia was chosen as a new place
                        They were moved and had their land taken
                        away from them.
                        Problems with Constitution

                        Aborigines and other non-Europeans didn’t
                        enjoy the same rights.
                        Changes after the war
                        Australia transformed itself into the modern
                        country as it is today.
                        Difference in languages
                        In pronunciation and some of the vocabulary.
                        6、
                        Outline

                        Introduction
                        outline
                        How large is Australia?
                        What’s the capital of Australia?
                        What does the Australian flag look like?
                        Body
                        history When was Australian founded?
                        Who lives in Australia?
                        conclusion
                        language How is Australian English different fromBritish
                        and American English?
                        7、Answer the following questions.
                        1) What do the symbols on the Australian flag represent?

                        Six of the points represent the original states (Western
                        Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales,
                        Victoria, Tasmania) and the seventh stands for all the
                        territories. The other stars on the flag represent the
                        Southern Cross.
                        2) Who were the first people to arrive in Australia?
                        The Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders.
                        3) Why were prisoners sent to Australia after 1788?
                        Where were they from?
                        The American War of Independence made it possible for
                        England to send prisoners to North America. They were
                        from America.
                        4) What happened to the original Australians when the
                        European newcomers arrived?
                        The newcomers changed the way land was managed and
                        introduced new plants and animals that were harmful to
                        the Australian ecosystems. As a consequence, the
                        original Australians suffered.
                        5) What was the problem with Australia's Constitution?
                        The Constitution governing six states stated that men
                        were free and equal, explained their base civil rights
                        and described the new government.
                        6) How did the two World Wars change Australia?
                        After the First World War, the country experienced
                        social and economic unrest and suffered from the
                        Depression of the 1930s. After the Second World War,
                        Australia began to transform itself into the modern
                        country as it is today.
                        7) How does Australian English differ from British
                        English?
                        Australian English differs from British English in
                        pronunciation and some of the vocabulary.
                        Language Points
                        1. Modern Australia is made up of six states and two
                        territories.( 由…组成)
                        e.g. The solar system is made up of a star and nine
                        plants.
                        make up 和解,和好;虚构,编造;化妆;补偿,弥补;凑钱
                        e.g. It is very hard to make up the quarrel between the
                        couple.
                        Don’t make up any excuse to cheat me.
                        I find no time to make myself up every day.
                        Hard work can make up for a lack of intelligence.
                        Have you made up the money for your class?
                        2. Australia is surrounded by many oceans.
                        (被…环绕,被…包围)
                        e.g. The house was surrounded by high walls.
                        3. claim vt(根据权利)要求,认领,索赔; 自称;主张
                        e.g. Did you claim on the insurance after your car
                        accident?
                        e.g. She claims that she is related to the Queen.
                        e.g. She claims to be related to the Queen.
                        4. as a consequence 结果,后果
                        as a consequence= in consequence/as a result
                        e.g. After graduation, he became quite lazy. As a
                        consequence, he lost what he owned.
                        in consequence of =as a result of/because of/due
                        to/owing to
                        In consequence of his rudeness, he was fired by his boss

                        e.g. As a consequence, she lost everything she
                        owned.
                        5. have an influence on/upon 对…有影响
                        have an influence on/upon=have an effect on/upon
                        influence sb./sth. affect sb./sth.
                        I don’t think this kind of system will have a great
                        influence on our school.
                        e.g. SARS has a strong influence on human
                        behaviour.
                        6. transform vt. 转换, 改变, 改造, 使...变形 [(+into)]
                        e.g. The Greens have transformed their garage into a
                        guest house
                        7. resemble vt. 相似, 像,类似 [(+in)]
                        e.g. He strongly resembles his father in appearance
                        8. differ vi. 不同;不像;相异[(+from)] =be different from
                        ①不同,相异 A differ from B in…
                        e.g. We differ from each other in tastes.
                        ②意见不同(from/with)
                        We differ from/with him on that problem.
                        e.g. She differs from me in many ways.
                        9.make it + n./adj.+ (for sb.) + to do sth. / that
                        clause
                        e.g. She made it clear that she objected to the
                        proposal.
                        10.represent 代表,象征; 表现; 描绘,塑造; 声称
                        e.g. The moon represents my heart.
                        I’d like to thank you representing my whole family.
                        =I’d like to thank you on behalf of my whole family.
                        He represented himself as a wealthy man, but in fact he
                        was as poor as a church mouse.
                        representation n.representative adj.
                        11.stand for 象征,代表; 支持;
                        e.g. What does WTO stand for?
                        It stand for World Trade Organization.
                        Before we elect him, we want to know what he stands for.

                        Integrating ski!ls
                        1、Read the passage quickly and find out which subjects
                        are mentioned in it.
                        They are geography, climate, sports, animals,
                        population, agriculture and natural
                        resources.2、Fast-Reqding: fill in the table
                        Information about Australia
                        Animals:__ kangaroo, koala bear, parrot, snake, digo,
                        sheep, cattle _
                        Distance 3220 km from north to south 3860 km from east
                        to west
                        Size:_ the same as the USA( without Alaska__
                        Population:_ 18 million__
                        Agriculture:_ wheat, fruit, vegetables, meat, wines_
                        Natural resources:___ metals, precious stones, coal,
                        iron
                        Climate:_ cool and wet winters, warm and dry summers in
                        the south; warm and dry winters, hot and wet summers in
                        the north dry or desert in two thirds of the country
                        Sports:_____ tennis, sailing, swimming
                        3、Write down the main idea according to each paragraph:
                        Para.1
                        Para.2
                        Para.3
                        Para.4
                        Para.5
                        4、T or F:
                        1.It was likely that South America was once connected to
                        Australia.
                        2.In area Australia is more or less the same as the USA.

                        3.Australia has about one third of the world’s sheep and
                        produce almost one – sixth of its wool.
                        4.Australia built a long fence to keep dingoes from
                        attacking their sheep.
                        5.If you are invited to an Australian home, you will
                        probably have a barbecue and roast a steak of fish at
                        home.
                        5. Careful-reading: Choose the best answer.1. Australia
                        has many plants and animals thatcan’t be found anywhere
                        else in the worldbecause _________.(para. 1)
                        A. it is as old as time.
                        B. it was once connected to South America.
                        C. it has been separated from othercontinents for so
                        long.
                        D. these plants and animals can’t liveanywhere else.
                        2. Kangaroos and koala bears give birth to very small
                        and weak young. The underlined is similar to _______ in
                        meaning. (para. 1)
                        A. bring up B. raise C. produce D. feed on3.One species
                        of the snakes _______ dangerous.(para.1)
                        A. is B. are C. were D. are to be
                        4. In area it is approximately the same size as the USA
                        (without Alaska), which, however, has more than fourteen
                        times as many people. Here “which” refers to_________.
                        A. Australia B. USA C. Alaska D. USA without Alaska
                        5. From paragraph 3, we learn that________.
                        A. Australia is wealthier than any other country.
                        B. one-sixth of the sheep can produce one-third of the
                        wool.
                        C. Australia produces the most wool in the world.
                        D. Australia has more sheep than the US does.
                        6. Which of the following is NOT true?
                        A. A long fence extends hundreds of kilometers across
                        Australia.
                        B. People usually use motorbikes or helicopters to round
                        up sheep or cattle because farms in Australia are so
                        large.
                        C. Dingoes like to attack sheep at night.
                        D. People built a fence to keep out wild dogs.
                        round sb/sth up phrasal verb
                        (to find and bring together a group of people or
                        animals)
                        The police are rounding up the usual suspects.
                        The sheepdog rounded up the sheep and drove them through
                        the gate.
                        keep out (of)
                        (to not go into a place, or to stop someone or something
                        from going into a place)
                        He locked the room and put up a sign asking people to
                        keep out.
                        They have shut the door and mean to keep us out.
                        (keep away from/ keep off/keep back/keep up/
                        keep…from/keep up with……etc.)
                        7.The climate is different depending on the area.
                        Here “depending on” can be replaced by_____.
                        A. with B. by C. from D. as with表示”随着”是介词; 而as
                        表示”随着”是连词. 要注意之间的差别.
                        With the days passing on, it’s getting colder.
                        As the days pass on, it’s getting colder.
                        8. In the text the writer implies but not states
                        directly that_______.
                        A. Australia is the only country in the world that
                        covers an entire continent.
                        B. Australia is a wealthy country with lots of natural
                        resources.
                        C. People in Australia like outdoor sports.
                        D. Australia is a powerful country of sports in many
                        events.
                        PRATICE
                        Water is the "life blood" of our the earth. It
                        1__________
                        is in every living things. It is in the air. It runs
                        2__________
                        through mountains and valleys. It forms lakes and
                        3__________
                        oceans. Water is everywhere. Nature have a great
                        4__________
                        water system. Rainwater finds it's way to streams
                        5__________
                        and rivers. Rivers leads to the ocean. At the mouths
                        6__________
                        of the rivers fresh water joins to the salt water of 7
                        __________
                        the ocean. Here at the mouth of river there is much
                        8___________
                        important plant and animal life. But pollute destroys
                        9__________
                        this life. We had to clean our streams and rivers. Man
                        10________
                        has to work with nature---not against it.

 


                       




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