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无须冠词的名词
发表时间:2009-11-29 14:06:18 来源:荣县中学 编辑:吕国生
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一则征聘广告的结尾这样写:
   
“Suitable candidates will be offered a very attractive terms which cannot be refused.”
   
这句话的意思,一目了然,可惜其中有个不该有的语法错误;那就是“a very attractive terms”中的“terms”是个复数名词,不需要有冠词,和不定冠词“a”连用,更是不合语法规则。
   
为了避免同样的错误出现,现在试把不需要冠词的场合列下,以作参考:
   
㈠复数名词,如:
   
1. Doctors cure patients.
   
2. Axes are tools for cutting wood.
   
3. Those people are teachers, not students.
   
㈡物质名词,如:
   
4. Gold is precious.
   
5. Air is indispensable to animals.
   
6. Electricity is a form of energy.
   
㈢抽象名词,如:
   
7. Unity is strength.
   
8. Knowledge is power.
   
9. Samson is a man of bravery.
   
㈣有关餐食的名词,如:
   
10. Dinner is ready.
   
11. After lunch, you may take a nap.
   
12. What do you eat for breakfast?
   
㈤有关四季的名词,如:
   
13. I like autumn most.
   
14. Do you have to teach in summer?
   
15. Winter is over; will spring be far away?
   
㈥有关游戏和运动的名词,如:
   
16. Fandi can play soccer very well.
   
17. Do yo like to play chess?
   
18. Is bridge a popular game here?
   
㈦有关疾病的名词,如:
   
19. Old People tend to suffer from diabetes.
   
20. Many women are inflicted with rheumatism.
   
㈧有关学科或带“-ism”后缀的名词,如:
   
21. Mathematics and physics are difficult subjects.
   
22. Which do you prefer, imperialism or communism?
   
㈨在“by + 交通工具”的片语里,如:
   
23. Shall we walk or go by bus?
   
24. The tourists came by plane.
   
25. Do you like to travel by land or by sea?
   
㈩关于“人、节日、地理、建筑物、语言”等的专有名词,如:
   
26. Tony wants to see Susan.
   
27. Christmas is a widely celebrated festival.
   
28. Europe is more advanced than Africa.
   
29. Do you know where Buckingham Palace is?
   
30. Is Japanese similiar to Chinese?
   
上述是无须冠词的例句,但当专有名词之前有修饰语时,可以用定冠词(例(31)-(32));当抽象名词被形容词、短语或分句修饰时,也可以有适当的冠词(例(33)-(36)):
   
31. Caesar was an ancient hero. Do you admire the great Caesar and his deeds?
   
32. We enjoy reading the great works written by the immortal Shakespeare.
   
33. A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.
   
34. The wisdom of Solomon was recorded in history.
   
35. Tom showed a courage worthy of special mention.
   
36. I find it hard to forget the generosity with which David treated me. 



来源:荣县中学  编辑:吕国生
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